AcuteCare Telemedicine Blog


Think of Your Brain!

It is without a doubt the most vital organ in the human body, but too often we neglect the importance of taking good care of our brain. The development and organization of the brain are incredibly complex, but the intricacies of this central body belie the simplicity of its proper day to day caretaking. We only get one – why not give some thought (pun intended) to it.

Prevention of traumatic head injuries is likely the most obvious consideration for avoiding significant damage to the brain. Unfortunately, we cannot always predict when an accident might occur, but we can take basic steps like fastening our seat belts while riding in automobiles and wearing helmets when engaging in physical activities carrying risk of trauma. Beneath the skull, we must be concerned with degenerative disorders of the brain affecting motor skills and cognition, such as Alzheimer’s Disease and Parkinson’s. Depression and anxiety also afflict millions of individuals across the country. It is important to remember that although our fast paced, high-stress lives can seem overwhelming, these conditions are chemical, and there are measures we can take to mitigate their negative effects.

Perhaps the most severe threat to the brain is stroke and other cardiovascular disease. The American lifestyle has taken a significant toll on the health of the blood vessels that deliver vital oxygen and nutrients to the brain. We have seen it most exaggerated throughout the southeastern US, a part of the country known as the ‘Stroke Belt,’ where residents face significantly higher rates of stroke morbidity and mortality.

The experts offering advice to citizens on how to minimize their risk of stroke sound like a veritable broken record; sleep more. Eat better. Exercise. Although stroke care has made huge advances in technology and technique over the course of the past decade, there is truthfully no more powerful plan of action than that of prevention. Telemedicine may soon be able to play a bigger role in opening lines communications between physicians and patients at risk of having a stroke, helping them take the necessary steps to avoid an emergency situation where the health of their brain and their life are in danger. As neurologists become more familiar with the advantages of new telemedicine technologies, they are realizing that the “ounce of prevention” is more readily available than ever before.



Check Your Head

In the wake of countless notable events including the deaths of several professional athletes in the past 5 years, new light has been shed on an epidemic which we are beginning to learn may be far more widespread than initially thought.

Researchers at Boston University recently published the largest study of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) to date. CTE, a progressive degenerative brain disease thought to stem from concussive trauma to the head, has been known to affect boxers since the 1920s, but only recently has gained notoriety as a serious concern for athletes of all ages across many sports. In these latest findings, 68 of 85 donated brains from deceased veterans and athletes with histories of head trauma showed visible evidence of the disease, including a staggering 34 of the 35 brains from former professional football players.

CTE

The greatest concerns sparked by our growing understanding of CTE’s causes and pathology are without a doubt related to the protection of younger children participating in sports and other activities where risk of injury to the brain is involved. The work of the BU researchers has led to drastically improved protective equipment and restructuring of rules and regulations to minimize the number and force of hits to the head, but it is nearly impossible to remove the potential for these injuries from sports at any level.

Thus, the best possible measures that can be taken are to prevent any repeat injury of the brain. Taking the lead, the NFL has instituted mandatory on-field concussion screening following hard hits. The NHL has also ordered that players with potential head injuries spend time in a ‘quiet room’ off the ice. Youth leagues are particularly concerned with preventing any participant who may have sustained an injury from getting back into the game and facing further danger.

Telemedicine offers the potential for significant further contribution to these efforts. With the help of technology, expert neurologists can always be on hand to examine potential head injuries, and monitor patients in the aftermath of an injury, aiding the recovery process. Thanks to telemedicine’s advances, logistics and associated costs are no longer obstacles to immediate and accurate concussion diagnosis and treatment.

The fight against CTE and other trauma-induced brain disease starts long before the first injury happens, but when it cannot be entirely prevented, telemedicine could play a role in ensuring fewer players incur more severe consequences later in life.