AcuteCare Telemedicine Blog


Study Reveals Application of Telemedicine Delivers Positive Outcomes

A recent study by The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) entitled Telehealth: Mapping the Evidence for Patient Outcomes from Systematic Reviews, indicates that that the application of telehealth delivers the most positive outcomes when used for remote patient monitoring, the treatment of several chronic health conditions and for psychotherapy as part of overall behavioral health. The leading chronic conditions, for telehealth success was cardiovascular and respiratory disease, according to the AHRQ study. The study’s authors also said that “research into practice-level implementation should be the next step, particularly since the vast majority of research conducted to date has been conducted within old and possibly soon-to-be-outdated care delivery models.”

The purpose of the study was to provide an overview of the large body of data about telehealth for use by healthcare decision makers. The approach used was to create an evidence map of systematic reviews published to date that assess the impact of telehealth on clinical outcomes. According to the report, the focus of future systematic reviews could include telehealth for consultation, uses in intensive care units and applications in maternal and child health. In addition, telemedicine for triage in urgent or primary care, management of serious pediatric conditions, patient outcomes for TeleDermatology, and the integration of behavioral and physical health were earmarked by AHRQ as ripe for analysis.

Healthcare remains a system where service is delivered primarily through in-person interactions, but many hospitals, physician groups and clinics as well as tech-savvy patient/consumers are turning to telemedicine to effectively and efficiently deliver and receive healthcare services regardless of their geographical location. The rise of utilization of telemedicine is one of the largest and most disruptive shifts in healthcare delivery over the last decade. With recent advances in telemedicine technology, an impending evolution in legislation governing the use of telehealth and falling regulatory barriers predicate that 2016 may be a turning point for the increased adoption of telemedical technology in the delivery of healthcare across a full spectrum of healthcare disciplines.



Continuity of Care in Telemedicine

Continuity of care is a fundamental factor in the delivery of quality healthcare and a bedrock principle of the patient-doctor relationship. It is understood to be a critical element in all health care systems and has shown to be responsible for reducing hospitalizations and lowering costs, particularly among chronically ill patients.

Traditionally, continuity of care is the delivery of a “seamless service through integration, coordination and the sharing of information between different providers.” The increasing complexity of healthcare delivery is complicating the assurance of continuity of care. Virtual interactions between patient and caregiver and a plethora of health related monitors, devises and mobile apps, has some believing the increasing complexity in healthcare delivery might impede the achievement of continuity of care. Even in a traditional face-to-face care relationship, it is common to have more than one care provider across the process of diagnosis and treatment. Add options like retail clinics, e-visit websites, smartphone apps, freestanding urgent care centers and kiosks and continuity of care could be compromised by all the disruptive innovation.

For this reason much debate about telemedicine and the effect it is imposing on healthcare delivery has been centered on the doctor/patient relationship and the adherence to maintaining a high standard of care, regardless of the method of interaction. While the importance of the patient and physician in the new electronic relationship is well understood, there is a third component essential to the successful integration of telemedicine. The ability to access patient’s medical information is critical to extending continuity of care for patients as well as improving transparency between telemedicine providers and healthcare organizations.

AcuteCare Telemedicine (ACT), the leading practice-based provider of telemedicine services for healthcare organizations for stroke and other neurological care, is providing technology enabled services to healthcare providers for the delivery of high-quality clinical care virtually anywhere, anytime. ACT has been on the forefront of the use of this technology for years, remotely delivering live and interactive Telestroke and other Teleneurology assessments to patients at hospitals and emergency medical centers throughout the nation. At Bon Secours Neuroscience Institute in Richmond, Virginia, Patricia Lane comments on their collaboration with ACT, “I just love the technology and clinical solutions platform. It allows for continuity in communications from doctor to doctor and permits the real-time sharing of information between care-givers. Our ultimate goal is to provide a better treatment plan for each patient.”

Integrating telemedicine connections into a secure electronic medical record system designed with familiar digital formats, functions and cutting edge security measures in order to ensure the highest level of patient confidentiality will be essential to insuring quality and continuity of care and answer much of the concern over the new disruptive healthcare delivery model.



Telemedicine Achieves Its Potential for Parkinson’s Patients

Ask any patient suffering from chronic disease and they often will tell a story of isolation, uncertainty and frustration over the debilitating effects of their disease. Many times the focus of their complaints is not being afforded easy access to specialized care and consultation with caregivers. While significant inroads have been made in the treatment options for chronic maladies like Diabetes and Parkinson’s disease, gaining routine, daily access to those ground breaking discoveries is out of the reach of many sufferers.

Researchers are looking at how modern communication technology, coupled with the latest techniques in treating Parkinson disease, can revolutionize the quality of care for sufferers of the chronic neurological disorder. “We are looking at quality of life, quality of care and reducing the burden on healthcare providers”, says Dr. Ray Dorsey, co-director of the Center for Human Experimental Therapeutics at the University of Rochester (N.Y.) Medical Center. “Imagine if you thought there was a possibility you had Parkinson’s disease, but you lived 100 miles or more from the nearest medical center with a qualified neurologist. You’re faced with at least a couple of hours of driving, of navigating an unfamiliar urban environment, of parking and walking—and that’s assuming you’re able to find a neurologist within driving distance to begin with. Now think about how easy it is to buy a book or a pair of shoes online. The two should not be so different.”

Preliminary results of the Connect.Parkinson project, the nation’s first randomized clinical trial of remote treatment of Parkinson’s disease, indicate the benefits of virtual treatment for patients and caregivers alike. A recent report on the initial results of the 18-state, Connect.Parkinson project reported that 95 percent of Parkinson’s patients completing telehealth visits have experienced an increased proportion of the time with a healthcare professional of 89 percent; up from 25 percent for those opting for traditional in-person encounters.

The National Parkinson Foundation is committed to supporting efforts to demonstrate how telemedicine can enhance the delivery of care to people with Parkinson’s. Studies are indicating that telemedicine care, often delivered in the patients home, is just as good as care received at a brick and motor medical center. The fact that diagnosing and monitoring the progression of Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders is based almost entirely on visual observation makes Parkinson uniquely suited for virtual care technologies. Christopher Goetz, MD, a leading expert on movement disorders and director of the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at Rush University Medical Center says, “Ninety-five percent of the information I gather is visual. Thus, with telemedicine visits where I can see and hear my patient right in front of me on the computer screen, there is no decline in the quality of information I gather.”

Rush is located in the state of Illinois which is among those states not yet mandating payers to provide payments for telemedical services. But according to Dr. Brian Patty, Rush’s chief medical information office and chairman of Rush’s Telemedicine Steering Committee, the Medical Center has several telemedicine pilot projects underway that can likely have significant impact on Parkinson patients.

In New York, researchers at The Rochester Center for Human Experimental Therapeutics, are developing and testing mobile apps that will help Parkinson’s patients track metrics such as dexterity, balance, gait, voice patterns and cognition, then send readings to researchers.

After decades of promises, telemedicine is delivering on its promise to increase access to quality, specialty care to improve patient outcomes.



Paying for the Promises of Telemedicine

Telemedicine is living up to its hype on revolutionizing the healthcare delivery model. With many of the most formidable barriers to increased expansion being overcome, virtual technology is quickly becoming a preferred method for patients when connecting with their care provider. New advances in hardware and software coupled with faster digital info structure, is driving more and more healthcare professionals to electronic communications. Patients are warming-up to using new devices to relay their blood pressure, heart rate and other vital signs to their doctors so they can manage chronic conditions in the comfort of their home.

Healthcare providers, payers and governmen supported healthcare programs are recognizing the potential cost savings of telemedicine technologies. However, payment policies for telehealth services, while expanding quickly, continue to be inconsistent and are discouraging the progress towards realizing the full potential of virtual healthcare. Providers are eager to embrace telehealth. A survey of more than 1,500 family physicians conducted for Anthem and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) found that “almost 90% of respondents would use telehealth to help treat their patients—if they were compensated for that care.” Richard Bakalar, MD, managing director at KPMG and a member of the firm’s Global Healthcare Center of Excellence says, “Healthcare providers need to figure out how to become more efficient and the technology behind telemedicine allows caregivers to connect with patients remotely, efficiently and effectively.”

Currently payments for telehealth services are as far flung as the 50 states landscape. New rules for Medicaid managed care and MACRA are becoming telehealth-friendly, but Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements are spotty, with Medicaid payment varying greatly from state to state. Today, 48 states and the District of Columbia provide some form of Medicaid payment for telehealth services, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. Commercial insurers seem to be embracing telehealth but consistency of payment policy remains elusive. In just over half of the states and the District of Columbia, private insurers are answering the call of parity laws that require them to pay for telehealth services. Payment parity is important for providers because it protects them against arbitrary cuts in reimbursement for telehealth services as compared to services provided in-person.

While expansion of virtual technology continues to progress at a steady pace, solutions to resolving remaining barriers like payment for services, multistate licensing, credentialing, and regulation are evolving at a deliberate pace.



Is That The Sound Of Ice Breaking?

Until recently, the state of Arkansas was ranked last among all states in a recent report by the American Telemedicine Association on telemedicine practice standards. Like many other states, Arkansas’s treatment of healthcare via telecommunication technologies included restrictions forbidding caregivers the opportunity to treat a patient remotely without first establishing a face to face relationship. While other regulations purposefully and effectively deal with commonly acceptable policies that hold virtual healthcare treatment to the same standards of care as traditional in-person encounters; control the prescription of certain drugs via telemedicine; require the responsible handling of medical recording; and doctor/patient transparency, the restrictions on non-pre service face to face encounters and the insistence on individual state licensing of physicians is arguably the two regulations which proponents of telemedicine feel are hindering the wider adoption of telemedical services across the country.

Recently issued proposed amendments to its existing regulations have been approved by the State Legislature. Arkansas Code 17-80-117, will allow a doctor to establish a valid relationship with a patient without the need for an in-person exam, if the doctor “performs a face to face examination using real time audio and visual telemedicine technology that provides information at least equal to such information as would have been obtained by an in-person examination.” The rule also requires the doctor to establish a face to face follow-up visit when and if it is medically necessary.

The sound one hears from this action may just be the noise regulatory ice makes when it is breaking under the pressure of consumer demand and the application technological common sense. While the proposed changes do nothing to alleviate the cost and inconvenience of individual state physicians licensing requirements, the removal of the face-to-face, pre-telemedicine service requirement could open up the virtual care landscape in states where the face-to-face regulation still exists.

The Arkansas Board held a public hearing involving the proposed amendment to Regulation 2.8 and new Regulation 38 in June and encouraged telemedicine companies and healthcare providers looking to offer telemedicine services in Arkansas to review the proposed regulations and consider submitting comments.

Adoption of the proposed changes to Arkansas rules governing telehealth services may be seen as a water-shed action for healthcare professionals who believe consumers will benefit from both increased healthcare access and reduced cost when telemedicine is permitted to more freely expand across state lines.



ACT Expands to Meet the Increasing Demands for Technology-Based Care

ResearchMoz.us recently published the results of new market research study titled ‘Telehealth and Telemedicine Market in HealthCare Industry 2015-2020’ which projects the global telemedicine market to grow 18.5 (CAGR) percent through 2019. It is clear that the healthcare industry is experiencing considerable growth in the use of digital technologies across a wide range of healthcare specialties such as telehealth, telestroke, wireless health monitoring, wearable health devices, and EMR.

One of the earliest adopters of telemedicine continues to advance in popularity with hospitals who seek around-the-clock stroke and other urgent Neurological care. As the demand for Neurologists increases, there is a growing shortage of experienced physicians available to provide continuous coverage at many facilities throughout the United States. AcuteCare Telemedicine (ACT), the leading practice-based provider of telemedicine services located in Atlanta, GA was founded in 2009 to help hospitals overcome medical staff obstacles, ER diversion and help improve patient outcomes for stroke and other Neurological conditions. Since the fourth quarter of 2015, ACT has added numerous client hospitals to their expanding network and is responding to the increased demand for these services by adding qualified neurologists to their team.

“We are dedicated to preserving and strengthening our reputation as leaders in the field of telestroke care and continue to be fully committed to serve the needs of both our patients and client hospitals in a manner that is personal and highly professional,” says James M. Kiely, ACT Partner.

ACT is experiencing an impressive performance by demonstrating its values of integrity, transparency, accountability, collaboration and expertise. Matthews W. Gwynn, CEO, and ACT Partner comments, “We’ve set the standard of care for teleneurology and acute stroke care. We also believe in the importance of remaining technology agnostic and agile, permitting our client hospitals and enterprise-level systems to select the specific technology that best fits the needs of their respective facilities.”

The growing firm is also focused on results, continuously measuring performance across all of the healthcare organizations it serves to identify how to improve the process so as to positively impact patient outcomes. “We are one of the only telestroke providers publishing data centered on the success of our program,” says Lisa H. Johnston, ACT Partner. “We’re proud of setting a standard for other providers to follow.” The study, titled “Improving Telestroke Treatment Times in an Expanding Network of Hospitals”, was published by the Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases and authored by Keith A. Sanders, MD, James M. Kiely, MD, PhD, Matthews W. Gwynn, MD, Lisa H. Johnston, MD and Rahul Patel, BS. The results indicate that a practice-based telemedicine system can produce meaningful improvement in markers of telestroke efficiency in the face of rapid growth of a telestroke network.

“ACT has developed a model of telestroke care that many of our competitors aren’t able to replicate,” comments Dr. Keith Sanders, Partner, ACT. “Our results prove that our business is able to create telestroke programs that are not only effective but sustainable. As clinicians, we measure our success on consistently providing the highest level of stroke care.”



The Importance of Measuring Performance

Telestroke, the use of communication technology to remotely treat victims of acute stroke, continues to grow and has entered the mainstream of care in an ever evolving and increasingly disruptive healthcare delivery model. Like all medical innovations, telestroke must demonstrate successful outcomes to achieve sustained growth and acceptance. Merely asserting that telemedicine is faster, employs the latest technology, or promotes a better use of limited re-sources is laudable but insufficient.

AcuteCare Telemedicine (ACT), a leading practice-based provider of Telemedicine services for hospitals seeking around-the-clock stroke and other urgent Neurological care, understands the importance of evaluating and documenting telestroke performance. In their recently published study “Improving Telestroke Treatment Times in an Expanding Network of Hospitals” the authors reveal that a practice-based telemedicine system can produce meaningful improvement in markers of telestroke efficiency.

“Success in our business isn’t just about adding new healthcare organizations to our client portfolio,’ says Dr. Matthews Gwynn, co-author and ACT partner. “As clinicians, we measure our success on consistently providing the highest level of stroke care and improving patient outcomes. This study is representative of our ongoing commitment to serve as a leader in telestroke care, establishing a standard of care and a model that supports the positive growth of telestroke programs across the country.”

As virtual health initiatives continue to move forward, new and valuable trends and telehealth technology solutions will continue to emerge. Traditional methods of delivering medical care will be challenged and disrupted at medical facilities, physicians’ offices and hospitals. Dr. Keith Sanders, ACT Partner and co-author comments, “It is critical to prove that our business is able to create telestroke programs that are not only effective but sustainable.”

For more information on how AcuteCare Telemedicine can assist you with acute stroke care, contact us!